Zenobia was the ancient queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria, best known for her revolt against the Roman Empire and for her conquer of Egypt.

Zenobia was often regarded as a second Cleopatra, of whom she was possibly a descendent. She was known for being darkly beautiful, well educated, and sophisticated, speaking many languages and riding and hunting with her men. She was a great patron of the arts, and supported and befriended many writers, poets, and musicians, hosting some of the earliest literary salons.

Full Name Septimia Julia Aurelia Zenobia
Who Queen of Palmyra
Birth Date 240
Death Date 275
Country Syria
Born Palmyra, Syria
Died Rome, Italy
Cause of Death disputed
Father Amr ibn al-Zarib "Zenobius"



Septimius Odaenathus

Marcellus Petrus Nutenus (probable)

Children Vaballathus


Zenobia always proudly claimed to have been a descendent of Cleopatra and Dido, which is, though far from established fact, very plausible.

Athanasius of Alexandria met Zenobia, and described her as "a Jewess follower of Paul Samosata," perhaps intending an insult by labeling her a Jew.

Cassius Longinus was a great friend of Zenobia's. After visiting one of her literary salons, he became her teacher, and later her chief advisor and most trusted counsellor. It was him who inspired and urged Zenobia to break from Roman rule.

After two years of war against the Roman empire and Emperor Aurelian, he succeeded in capturing Zenobia and bringing her back to Rome as a prisoner, where she was made to walk the streets in chains.


Palmyra, Syria - Born here, 240.

Alexandria, Egypt - Conquered this city, 269.

Ankara, Turkey - Conquered this city, 270.

Istanbul, Turkey - Conquered this city, 270.

Antioch, Turkey - Lost a battle here, 272.

Homs, Syria - Was captured by Roman forces here, 272.

Tivoli, Italy - Possibly lived here, 273.

Rome, Italy - Lived as captive here from 273. Died here, 275.

How Added - Through conqueror Aurelian.

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