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Vinnie Ream by George Peter Alexander Healy, 1870.jpg

Lavinia Ellen Ream Hoxie was an American sculptor. Her most famous work was the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda. She was the first woman to be employed by the federal government, and the youngest woman ever to be commissioned by the United States for a statue.

Full Name Lavinia Ellen Ream Hoxie
Who Sculptor
Birth Date September 25, 1847
Death Date 1914
Country United States
Born Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Died Washington D.C., USA
Cause of Death unknown
Education Columbia College of Missouri
Father Robert Ream
Mother Lavinia McDonald Ream
Spouse Richard L. Hoxie
Siblings Robert Ream
Children one son


Ream is best known for sculpting the bust of Abraham Lincoln that is now in the Capitol Building's rotunda. He sat for her in the mornings for 5 months in 1861, during which time they spoke about a variety of intelligent subjects, and became friends.

Ream met Edmund G. Ross when he boarded with her family in 1868.

While visiting Paris in 1868, Ream studied painting with Leon Bonnat.

Ream sculpted Franz Liszt, Hyacinthe Loyson, Giacomo Antonelli, and Gustave Dore.

Ream met Georg Brandes during her European travels, in 1868.

Ream's portrait was painted by George Peter Alexander Healy in 1870.

In 1875, George Armstrong Custer sat for Ream to make a portrait for a sculpture.

Ream was painted twice by George Caleb Bingham in 1876.


Madison, Wisconsin, USA - Born here, 1847.

Washington D.C., USA - Lived here, 1861 - 1868. Died here, 1914.

Paris, France - Traveled here, 1868.

Munich, Germany - Traveled here, 1868.

Florence, Italy - Traveled here, 1868.

Rome, Italy - Lived here, 1868.

New York, New York, USA - Had a studio here, 1871.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA - Visited here, 1876.

Montgomery, Alabama, USA - Lived here, about 1880.

St. Paul, Minnesota, USA - Lived here, about 1890.

Iowa City, Iowa, USA - Kept a summer home here, 1890's - 1910's.

Chicago, Illinois, USA - Traveled here, 1893.