Sophia Jex-Blake, age 25, 1865
Sophia Jex-Blake was an English doctor of medicine, teacher, and feminist. She was among one of the first female physicians in Britain. She led a campaign to allow women to study medicine, and later became the first practisining female doctor in Scotland. She was also a co-founder of two medical schools for women - the first of their kind.

Full Name Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake
Who doctor
Birth Date January 21, 1840
Death Date January 7, 1912
Country England
Born Hastings, East Sussex, England, UK
Died Rotherfield, Sussex, England, UK
Cause of Death old age
Education University of Edinburgh
Father Thomas Jex-Blake
Mother Mary Cubitt Jex-Blake
Spouse none
Siblings Thomas Jex-Blake
Children none


Jex-Blake lived with Octavia Hill as a young woman, from 1859 - 1861, from the age of 19 - 21, pursuing her education. 

Jex-Blake was a friend of Susan Dimock. The two women together wrote a letter to Harvard University in 1867, requesting admission into the university's medical school. Harvard promptly shut down this request, replying that there was "no provision for women in any department of this university."

Jex-Blake famously banded together a group of women to campaign to be allowed admission into medical school. The leader of the group, they became known as the "Edinburgh Seven." Other members of the group were Isabel Thorne, Edith Pechey, Matilda Chaplin Ayrton, Helen Evans, and Emily Bovell. Their campaign was eventually successful, and they were accepted into the University of Edinburgh in 1869. 

Jex-Blake was the longtime partner of Margaret Todd, also a female doctor. There was a 19 year age difference between the two women - with Jex-Blake being the senior. They later lived together, and never seperated for the rest of Jex-Blake's life. After Jex-Blake passed away in 1912, Todd wrote a biography about her life.

Jex-Blake was a friend of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson. The two women co-founded a medical school for women together.

Jex-Blake was a friend of James Stansfeld, who supported her efforts of reform in women's education.

At one of the medical school's for women that she founded, Jex-Blake began teaching classes in 1887. Among her students was Elsie Inglis. However, Jex-Blake was not so successful as a teacher as she was as a doctor, and her students eventually rose up against her. A lawsuit was issued, and Inglis broke away from Jex-Blake's school and hospital, to found a school of her own. The two women were rivals competing for students for a few years, before both schools shut down when the University of Edinburgh began accepting female medical students.

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How Added - Through her friend Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, who was added via her sister Millicent Fawcett, who was added via her contemporary Camille Clifford.

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