Octavia Hill, 1882
Octavia Hill was an English social reformer who worked for all of her life toward bettering the lives of working class inhabitants of cities, particularly in London. She was a key figure in the development of social housing, and also helped save parks and open spaces within London, such as Hampstead Heath and Parliament Hill Fields, from being built upon. She was one of the three founders of the National Trust, and was also a founder of the Charity Organization Society, which exists today as the Family Action charity. She was also briefly a member of the Royal Commission on the Poor Laws in 1905.

Full Name Octavia Hill
Who social reformer
Birth Date December 3, 1938
Death Date August 13, 1912
Country England
Born Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Died London, England, UK
Cause of Death cancer
Education n/a
Father James Hill
Mother Caroline Southwood Smith Hill
Spouse none

Miranda Hill

seven other siblings

Children none


Through her mother, Hill was the granddaughter of Thomas Southwood Smith.

Frederick Denison Maurice was a family friend of the Hill's, and had a lasting impact on Hill's worldview.

At the age of 15, in 1853, Hill began working as a copyist for John Ruskin. She continued to work with Ruskin for many years. However, in 1877, their relationship was severed when Ruskin made an "attack," on her, though of what nature, it is unknown.

When they were young women, Sophia Jex-Blake lived in Hill's family home, from 1859 - 1861.

Hill was a friend of Henrietta Barnett.

Hill was an acquaintance of Gertrude Bell, though Bell complained about Hill's rigorous conversations, calling them "despotic."

Emma Cons once worked as an assistant to Hill.

Hill's acquaintances included Hardwicke Rawnsley, Beatrice Webb, Samuel Bennett, and Robert Hunter.

Hill met Frederick Temple later in life, and talked enthusiastically with him for half an hour. He left the conversation exhausted, saying "I never had such a beating in all my life."

Hill's portrait was painted by John Singer Sargent in 1898.

How Added - Through her housemate Sophia Jex-Blake, who was added via her friend Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, who was added via her sister Millicent Fawcett, who was added via her contemporary Camille Clifford.

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