Nicosia is the capital and largest city of Cyprus, as well as the seat of the Cyprus government and its center for business, trade, and culture. It is located on the Mesaoria Plain on the River Pedieos. It is the southernmost capital city of the EU states. In 2012, it was ranked 5th richest city in the world.

An ancient city with deeply rooted culture, Nicosia has been inhabited since the early Bronze Age around 2500 BC. It later became a city-state, then called "Ledra," and was one of the twelve kingdoms of ancient Cyprus built by the Acheans after the end of the Trojan War. It soon fell to Assyrian, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine rule. In 1498, the city came under Venetian rule, which greatly influenced the city in culture, arts, and architecture. It was later conquered by the Ottoman Empire, and became a state ruled by Great Britain in 1878. It officially became the capital of the Republic of Cyprus, independantly, in 1960.

Today, Nicosia is known for its beauty, island location, architecture, blend of historic cultures, ancient heritage, Venetian walls, tropical but European flair, arts, culture, and downtown area.

People Born in Nicosia

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Nicosia in People's Lives

Lawrence Durrell: I moved here in 1952 with my one-year-old daughter Sappho, leaving my wife Eva behind in England to be hospitalised for a mental breakdown. I bought a house here, and taught English Literature at a local high school, as well as doing public relations work for Britain. I spent my free time, as always, writing. In 1954, I proudly became a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. However, political tensions in Cyprus began to run high, and I became a target of multiple assassination attempts and threats due to my connection to the British government. I officially seperated from Eva in 1955, and she remained in England. I left this city in August of 1956, returning to Alexandria.

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