Mary I of England, sometimes known as Mary Tudor, or, by her colloquial nickname, "Bloody Mary," was Queen of England and Ireland from 1533 until her death in 1558.
She was the fourth ruler of the Tudor family, and the only daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. In her short 5 year reign, she brutally had over 280 people burned at the stake for their religious beliefs.
|Full Name||Mary Tudor I of England|
|Who||Queen of England|
|Birth Date||February 18, 1516|
|Death Date||November 17, 1558|
|Born||London, England, UK|
|Died||London, England, UK|
|Cause of Death||influenza, ovarian cysts, uterine cancer|
|Mother||Catherine of Aragon|
|Spouse||Philip II of Spain|
Edward VI of England
Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset
Catherine of York and Agnes Howard, Duchess of Norfolk were Mary's godmothers, and Thomas Wolsey was her godfather.
Throughout Mary's life, many potential marriages were proposed for her. At the age of 2, she became engaged to Francis III, Duke of Brittany, then the young Dauphin, but this match was dissolved three years later. At the age of 5, Mary became engaged to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, but this was broken off amicably two years later. Francis I of France then emerged as a possible match, as the English were eager for a French alliance. A treaty was signed that stated Mary would later wed either Francis I or his son, Henry II of France, but this treaty was dissolved after the English reached peace with the French without the aid of Mary's hand.
Margaret Pole was Mary's childhood governess, and was another mother figure in her life. When Mary was declared illegitimate in 1533, and her household dissolved, Pole requested that she be allowed to go on serving Mary without pay. Her request was refused.
Mary's mother, Catherine of Aragon, often wrote letters to Juan Luis Vives requesting advice on my education, which she was determined should be the best. She commisioned him to write the book De Institutione Feminae Christianae, a manual on the education of young girls, specifically for the benefit of Mary's education.
Mary was crowned Queen of England by Stephen Gardiner, a trusted confidante of hers, in 1553.
London, England, UK - Born here, 1516. Lived nearly entire life here. Died here, 1558.
Ludlow, Shropshire, England, UK - Lived here, 1525 - 1528.
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, UK - Was banished here, 1533 - 1536.
Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England, UK - Was kept prisoner here, 1536.
Framlingham, Suffolk, England, UK - Fled here and gathered supporters, 1553.
How Added - Through her father Henry VIII.