Leo Tolstoy was a Russian writer, primarily of novels and short stories. He is widely considered to be one of the world's greatest novelists.

Full Name Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy
Who writer
Birth Date September 9, 1828
Death Date November 20, 1910
Country Russia
Born Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died Astapovo, Russia
Cause of Death pneumonia
Education Kazan Federal University
Father Nikolai Ilyich Tolstoy
Mother Princess Mariya Tolstaya Volkonskaya
Spouse Sophia Tolstaya

Sergey Tolstoy

Nicholas Tolstoy

Marya Tolstoy

Dmitry Tolstoy


Alexandra Lvovna Tolstaya

Ilya Tolstoy

Maria Lvovna Tolstaya

Lev Lvovich Tolstoy

Tatyana Sukhotina Tolstaya

Michael Lvovich Tolstoy


Tolstoy met Victor Hugo while on a European trip in 1861, and was greatly influenced by the man and his works, particularly Les Miserables.

Tolstoy is the great-great-grandfather of Swedish singer Viktoria Tolstoy.

Tolstoy was a close and longtime friend of Vasily Botkin, and the two often wrote letters to each other.

Tolstoy met Pierre Joseph Proudhon while Proudhon was living in secret exile in Brussels in 1861. Tolstoy was greatly influenced by Proudhon and his philosophies, and even got the name for his future masterpiece War and Peace from a paper that Proudhon was working on.

Vladimir Chertkov was one of Tolstoy's closest religious disciples.

While taking a stand concerning the politics of the Boxer Rebellion, Tolstoy corresponded and became a long-distance friend of Chinese intellectual Gu Hongming, warning him against reform.

Tolstoy was a major and early influencer of Mahatma Gandhi, who was inspired to write to Tolstoy in 1909 after coming across a copy of Tolstoy's Letter to a Hindu. Gandhi requested proof that Tolstoy was indeed the author, and the two men began communicating through letters. Gandhi came to deeply respect Tolstoy, and attributed his early call to nonviolence to the Russian writer. Gandhi was devastated at the news of Tolstoy's death in 1910, so soon after having begun speaking to him and having hoped to one day meet in person. Gandhi named his second ashram "the Tolstoy Colony" in the writer's honor.


Yasnaya Polyana, Russia - Born here, 1828. Grew up here, 1828 - approximately 1840. Lived here, 1847 - 1851. Lived here, 1862 - 1910.

Kazan, Russia - Lived here and attended university here, approximately 1840 - 1847.

Moscow, Russia - Visited here often, 1848 onward. Got married here, 1862.

St. Petersburg, Russia - Visited here often, 1848 onward. Lived here, 1856 - 1857.

Tula, Russia - Visited here often, 1848 - 1851.

Sevastopol, Ukraine - Was stationed in the army here, 1854 - 1855.

Paris, France - Stayed here, 1857 - 1858 and 1860.

Brussels, Belgium - Visited here, 1861.

Astapovo, Russia - Died here, 1910.

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