Karl Landsteiner
Karl Landsteiner was an Austrian-American biologist and medical doctor. He is best known for distinguishing the main blood groups in 1900. His findings were instrumental in allowing future physicians to transfuse blood safely. He also discovered the polio virus in 1909, and was the winner of the Aronson Prize in 1926. He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 1930. Today, he is renowned as "the father of transfusion medicine."

Full Name Karl Landsteiner
Who doctor
Birth Date June 14, 1868
Death Date June 26, 1943
Country Austria
Born Vienna, Austria
Died New York, New York, USA
Cause of Death heart failure
Education University of Vienna
Father Leopold Landsteiner
Mother Fanny Hess Landsteiner
Spouse Leopoldine Helene Wlasto Landsteiner
Siblings none
Children Ernst Karl Landsteiner


In the years directly following his graduation from university, Landsteiner studied under Hermann Emil Fischer and Eugen Bamberger, both of whom he was very influenced by. Landsteiner did not restrict his studies to lectures, but instead conducted many hands-on experiments and studies, with much collaboration and personal guidance from his teachers.

Around 1896, Landsteiner was an assistant to Max von Gruber at the Hygenic Institute.

From 1897 - 1908, for eleven years, Landsteiner was an assistant at the pathological-anatomical institute of the University of Vienna, where he worked under Anton Weichselbaum. Here, Landsteiner accomplished a great deal, and Weichselbaum acted as an important and highly influential mentor to Landsteiner.

Simon Flexner was an admirer and follower of Landsteiner's work, and invited him to come work for the Rockefeller Institute in New York. Since working conditions, especially following World War I, had become poor in Vienna, Landsteiner eventually accepted Flexner's job offer, and moved to the United States in 1923.

How Added - He was featured on a Google Doodle.

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