Portrait of Simcoe by George Theodore Berthon, 1881.jpg

John Graves Simcoe was Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada and a British army officer. He played a large part in abolishing slavery in Canada and was enormously influential on the Canadian legal system.

Full Name John Graves Simcoe
Who Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Birth Date February 25, 1752
Death Date October 26, 1806
Country England
Born Cotterstock, East Northamptonshire, England, UK
Died Exeter, Devon, England, UK
Cause of Death unspecified

Eton College

Merton College of Oxford

Father John Simcoe
Mother Katherine Simcoe
Spouse Elizabeth Posthuma Gwillim
Siblings none

Francis Gwillim Simcoe

Eliza Simcoe

Henry Addington Simcoe

Henrietta Maria Simcoe

Caroline Simcoe

Sophia Jemima Simcoe


Simcoe was the godson of Admiral Samuel Graves, and ended up marrying his ward.

In 1779, Simcoe devised a plan to capture George Washington, though he made it clear to his men that Washington was to remain alive. This plan never came to anything as a result of Simcoe being captured himself.

Simcoe was captured by Charles Armand Tuffin de la Rouërie in 1779, and was held prisoner for two years, until 1781.

Simcoe's actions during the Northwestern Indian War, particularly his siding with Native Americans only to forcibly expell them from areas of British control, caused George Washington to publicly speak of him with disdain, calling him "irregular and high-handed."


Cotterstock, East Northamptonshire, England, UK - Born here, 1752.

Exeter, Devon, England, UK - Grew up here, 1753 and onward. Died here, 1806.

Eton, Berkshire, England, UK - Attended Eton College here, approximately 1762.

Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, UK - Attended Merton College here, approximately 1770.

Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, USA - Fought in a battle and was wounded here, 1777.

Freehold, New Jersey, USA - Fought in a battle here, 1778.

New York, New York, USA - While staying at another Loyalist officer's home here, was captured and held prisoner for two years, 1779.

Williamsburg, Virginia, USA - Commanded a battle here, 1781.

Yorktown, Virginia, USA - Was at the Siege of Yorktown here, 1781.

Quebec City, Canada - First place lived in Canada, for the winter of 1791.

Kingston, Canada - Lived here briefly, 1792.

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Canada - Lived here from 1792 - 1793.

Penetanguishene, Canada - Visited here, 1793.

London, Canada - Founded this city, 1793.

Newmarket, Canada - Explored here, 1793.

Toronto, Canada - Lived here from 1793 - 1796.

Maumee, Ohio, USA - Founded this town as a military fort, 1794.

Mirebalais, Haiti - Fought a slave rebellion here and lost, 1797.

Honiton, Devon, England, UK - Site of his family estate, buried here.

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