The city was founded in 38 BC by a Germanic tribe, but taken over and renamed Colonia by the Romans in 50 AD. For a time, Cologne was the capitol of Germania Inferior. During World War II, this was among the most heavily bombed cities in Germany, leaving most of the city destroyed and shrinking its population by a dramatic 95%.
Today, Cologne is known for its wealth of architecture, Roman ruins, and art scene.
People Born in Cologne
Cologne in People's Lives
Heike Makatsch: I traveled here in 1998 to film scenes of the movie Aimee & Jaguar.
Ralph Fiennes: I traveled here in 2007 to film scenes of the movie The Reader.
Viktoria Tolstoy: I performed a concert here in 2012, at the Stadtgarten.
William Penn: I traveled here in 1678 on a missionary voyage, along with a group of other Quakers. I reported that, among the higher class of inhabitants here, I found them open and willing to listen to my beliefs. I made no comment about the lower classes.