It was founded around 1170 as a whaling town, which quickly grew to a massive success, and the town remained wealthy off whale hunting until the 20th Century. It enjoyed further affluence when doctors in the 18th Century said that Biarritz's waters had healing properties.
Today, Biarritz is an affluent and thriving town famous for its historic architecture, surfing, for its proximity to the Spanish border, and for its glorious sunsets.
People Born in Biarritz
Biarritz in People's Lives
Victoria, Queen of England: I briefly visited here in 1889 for a holiday, and while staying here crossed the Spanish border, becoming the first reigning British monarch to set foot in Spain.